Mechanical and physical properties

Stainless steels are often rightly associated with corrosion resistance… but they can do much more. Information about different properties of stainless steels can be found in this section.

Martensitic Stainless Steels

 Martensitic stainless steels have an excellent strength to weight ratio, strong resistance to corrosion, a good hardness and a wide range of applications, of which the best known are probably knife steels, which are capable of holding a sharp edge.

To provide the right environment for further growth of this range of materials it was necessary to research existing and potential applications, to provide a technical introduction to the material and testimonials from existing producers who have used the material and can talk with authority about its value.

We recommend this brochure to producers, stockists and end-users, with the hope that they will find it a helpful tool for their own market development activities. Click here for downloading this brochure.

Published: 21/11/2017
Last modified: 21/11/2017

High Temperature Resistance of Stainless Steel

Stainless steels are most commonly used for their corrosion resistance. The second most common reason stainless steels are used is for their high temperature properties; stainless steels can be found in applications where high temperature oxidation resistance is necessary, and in other applications where high temperature strength is required.

Read more here

Source: AZO Materials

Published: 2/12/2014
Last modified: 2/12/2014

Stainless Steel Reinforcing Bar

Unlike conventional steel rebar, stainless steel rebar does not corrode and is an ideal solution for harsh environments.

ISSF has several publications on reinforcing bar.

  • A website to raise awareness of the life cycle cost advantages of stainless steel reinforcement bar, compiled by an international group of experts. It provides answers to frequently asked technical questions. Numerous references show how public and private investors have made use of stainless steel reinforcement to enhance the durability of their concrete structures:
  • A flash presentation describing the advantages of using stainless steel rebar. See the animation.
  • A leaflet which answers some basic questions on stainless steel rebar:Why stainless steel reinforcing bar? What are the benefits? Is it cost-effective? Download the leaflet - available in English, Italian and Spanish.
  • Posters that give an overview of the why, when, where and how of stainless steel reinforcing bar. Download the posters - click here to open the pdf

Published: 11/5/2012
Last modified: 11/5/2012

Fatigue Properties of Stainless Steel Lap Joints

Spot welded, adhesive bonded, weldbonded, laser welded and clinched joints of stainless steel sheets - a review of their fatigue properties.

Download this document

Published: 11/5/2012
Last modified: 11/5/2012

Mechanical & Physical Properties

A concise summary by SASSDA of the main characteristics of stainless steel and the conditions which favour its use.

Source: Southern Africa Stainless Steel Development Association

See the summary here

Published: 4/5/2012
Last modified: 4/5/2012

General Properties of Steels

A table lists the typical properties of steels, including stainless steels at room temperature (25°C). The wide ranges of ultimate tensile strength, yield strength, and hardness are largely due to different heat treatment conditions.

Source: eFunda (engineering Fundamentals)

See the table here

Published: 4/5/2012
Last modified: 4/5/2012

Stainless Steel Property Database

This section of the Hendrix Group site provided a series of articles on the properties, forms and uses of stainless steels.

Source: The Hendrix Group

See the articles here

Published: 4/5/2012
Last modified: 4/5/2012

Stainless Steel for Machining

Describes the standard grades of stainless steel that have been specially designed to improve machinability, including types 203, 303, 430F, 416 and 429F.

Source: Specialty Steel Industry of North America

Open this document

Published: 4/5/2012
Last modified: 4/5/2012

Tables of Technical Properties of Stainless Steels (flat products)

The selection of the appropriate stainless steel grade for each application is the result of various considerations. In order to assist you in this selection, Euro Inox makes the following technical information available in an interactive way:

  • Chemical composition of stainless steels (flat products)
  • Physical properties of stainless steels*
  • Mechanical properties of stainless steels* (flat products)

Source: Euro Inox

See the technical tables here

Published: 4/5/2012
Last modified: 4/5/2012

Typical chemical and physical properties of Stainless Steel

Chemical, physical and mechanical properties of stainless steels: 304 (austenitic), 430 (ferritic), 410 (martensitic).

Source: Specialty Steel Industry of North America

See the properties here

Published: 4/5/2012
Last modified: 4/5/2012

Note on the Sensitivity of Stainless Steel to Strain Rate

There is a growing interest for stainless steels in structural automotive applications. As a consequence, more questions are raised regarding the sensitivity of stainless steels to strain rate. This document attempts to summarize the published results for strain rates from 0,2 to 10%.

Source: Outokumpu

Download this paper

Published: 4/5/2012
Last modified: 4/5/2012

Magnetic Properties of Stainless Steel

The magnetic attraction of ‘ferromagnetic’ ferritic martensitic and duplex stainless steels is compared to that of the low magnetic permeability austenitic types. Hard and soft ferromagnetic types are compared.

Source: British Stainless Steel Associations

See the article here

Published: 4/5/2012
Last modified: 4/5/2012

Non-corrosion properties of stainless steels

Stainless steels are often rightly associated with corrosion resistance… but they can do much more! The examples in this animation illustrate the usefulness of other properties of stainless steel long products.

View as a Flash Animation or download as a pdf

Published: 4/5/2012
Last modified: 4/5/2012

The Ferritic Solution

Ferritic stainless steels share most of the mechanical and corrosion-resistance properties of their more expensive cousins, austenitic stainless steels. However, unlike the austenitics, ferritic stainless steels contain no nickel. This makes them a cost-effective alternative in many applications.

The Ferritic Solution provides an overview of the properties of ferritic stainless steels, the advantages of using them and the applications where they can be used. The Ferritic Solution is a crucial reference document for stainless steel users, specifiers and producers.

This brochure is available in Chinese, English, French, German, Italian, Hindi, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Spanish and Turkish [clicking on the language will open the pdf].

Published: 4/5/2012
Last modified: 4/5/2012